pte-reading-practice-fill-blanks-part-04

PTE Reading Practice: Fill In The Blanks Part 4 With Solution

Here is the 4th part of our series “PTE Academic Reading: Fill In The Blanks”. Find the solution to each item at its end. With more practice, you can master Reading section and score well in PTE exam. Go through these PTE Academic Listening “Fill in the Blanks” practice questions to improve your PTE scores.

PTE Reading Practice: Fill In The Blanks Part 4 With Solution

Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

ITEM 1:

Olympic athletes must be strong both physically and mentally. First of all, if athletes hope to _______ in an Olympic Sport, they must be physically strong. _______, aspiring Olympians must train rigorously for many years. For the most demanding sports, Olympic athletes train several hours a day, five or six days a week, for ten or more years. In addition to being physically strong, athletes must also be mentally _______. This means that they have to be _______ dedicated to their sport, often giving up normal school, family, and social life. (Oshima and Hogue 1999, p.25)

tough, participate, prepared totally, completely, compete, furthermore, moreover

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Olympic athletes must be strong both physically and mentally. First of all, if athletes hope to compete in an Olympic Sport, they must be physically strong. Furthermore, aspiring Olympians must train rigorously for many years. For the most demanding sports, Olympic athletes train several hours a day, five or six days a week, for ten or more years. In addition to being physically strong, athletes must also be mentally tough. This means that they have to be totally dedicated to their sport, often giving up normal school, family, and social life. (Oshima and Hogue 1999, p.25)

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ITEM 2:

Hofstede’s theories have been _______ influential for several reasons. Perhaps _______ importantly, they have encouraged people to think more deeply about cultural differences. Furthermore, they have helped provide people with _______ ‘ways of seeing’ and discussing cultural differences. In the business world, Hofstede’s theories have given organizations ideas about _______ to manage workplace diversity. However, not everyone _______ with Hofstede’s model of cultural differences.

hugely, why, effective, how, most, decides, more, agrees

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Hofstede’s theories have been hugely influential for several reasons. Perhaps most importantly, they have encouraged people to think more deeply about cultural differences. Furthermore, they have helped provide people with effective ‘ways of seeing’ and discussing cultural differences. In the business world, Hofstede’s theories have given organizations ideas about how to manage workplace diversity. However, not everyone agrees with Hofstede’s model of cultural differences.

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ITEM 3:

HRM policies _______ certain immediate organizational _______ and have long-term consequences. For example, policy choices made by managers affect the overall competence of employees, the commitment of employees, the degree of congruence between the goals of employees and those of the organization, and the _______ cost effectiveness of HRM practices. HRM policy makers _______ find the four Cs useful _______ to enhance the effectiveness of human resource management in organizations.

overall, affect, effect, outcomes, measures, may, might, largely, means

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HRM policies affect certain immediate organizational outcomes and have long-term consequences. For example, policy choices made by managers affect the overall competence of employees, the commitment of employees, the degree of congruence between the goals of employees and those of the organization, and the overall cost effectiveness of HRM practices. HRM policy makers may find the four Cs useful means to enhance the effectiveness of human resource management in organizations.

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ITEM 4:

Unlike _______ countries in Europe, multiple voting shares do not exist in Thailand. Thai law prohibits the issuance of such shares. Therefore, when I identify who owns and controls the sample firms, I _______ only on three control mechanisms, _______, direct, pyramidal, and cross-shareholdings. The first form of the control mechanism, “direct ownership”, means a shareholder who owns shares _______ his own name or via a private company owned by him.

namely, most, focus, under, many, viz., emphasis, on

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Unlike many countries in Europe, multiple voting shares do not exist in Thailand. Thai law prohibits the issuance of such shares. Therefore, when I identify who owns and controls the sample firms, I focus only on three control mechanisms, namely, direct, pyramidal, and cross-shareholdings. The first form of the control mechanism, “direct ownership”, means a shareholder who owns shares under his own name or via a private company owned by him.

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