PTE Reading: Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Practice Part 02

PTE multiple choice single answers questions

In PTE Reading: Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer, you will see a text on screen and answer a question based on that text. You will be given some options out of which only one is the correct option. How well you in this question type is directly dependent on your ability to comprehend written English text, understand the meaning, the theme and the main ideas in it. If you are also able to read long texts and find specific information in it, you will do well in this question type.

PTE Reading: Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer

Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #1

Huge reserves of energy have been found in rocks far below the surface of the ground in Britain. It is estimated that the north and southwest regions could hold enough energy in the form of heat to provide power for millions of homes. In fact, up to a fifth of Britain’s energy could be provided by this geothermal source. Extracting the heat and converting it into electricity is difficult and expensive. Thousands of bore holes would be needed; but once they were in place, the heat would keep regenerating indefinitely.

What is the writer’s main purpose in this paragraph?

1) to show how common the use of geothermal power is in Britain.
2) to describe the problems related to using geothermal power in Britain.
3) to highlight the potential benefits of geothermal power for Britain.
4) to give a detailed description of how geothermal energy is produced in Britain.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #2

People tend to think that any new technology or device is an act of genius; something that has required vision and insight to create and then develop into a marketable product. The fact is that innovations were often already ‘out there’ in the public domain in some form or another. They tend to evolve from notions that have been around for years but that had not. until that point, been suitably adapted. One expert calls this the ‘long nose’ approach to innovation, whereby new concepts come into the world slowly. gradually revealing all they have to offer.

What is the writer’s main point about innovation

1) Many new products fail to interest consumers.
2) New products are not always based on new ideas.
3) Creators of new products require a unique set of skills.
4) New products are easy to distinguish from old ones.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #3

Submarine operators have been alerted to the dangers of sea snails in a recent study. An international research team says the hardy deep-sea animals latch on to the submarines used by scientists. potentially spreading disease in pristine ecosystems. The limpet is a sea snail that lives 2,000 metres underwater but can also survive in air when a submarine emerges from the water. If it goes unnoticed, the limpet can find itself in another habitat the next time the submarine is used. As 90 per cent of limpets are infected by parasites, this poses a threat to the ecosystem; but thoroughly cleaning the submarines will solve the problem.

What problem does the article mention in relation to sea snails

1) Research into sea snails has been harming the animals themselves.
2) Sea snails are being carried by submarines to places where they harm other species.
3) Sea snails are spreading diseases to the research scientists on submarines.
4) Dirty submarines are endangering the well-being of the sea snails that attach themselves.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #4

The Graphic design degree provides students with a nurturing environment for learning, developing aesthetic appreciation and design skills with an emphasis on media and marketing. Students have the chance to develop their personal style, while broadening their technical repertoire as designers. The academic staff are former working artists. theorists and designers who have been successful in achieving major awards, commissions and research grants. The facilities for the graphic design program include spacious design studios, colour and monochrome darkrooms and photography studios. Students will develop skills at a professional working standard in all computer-based programs that the design industry requires.

What does the Graphic Design degree offer students?

1) experience working on new magazines
2) the opportunity to apply for funds to help with their study
3) teachers who have practical experience in a creative field
4) the use of state-of-the-art cameras

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #5

“Rightly is they called pigs,” said Rowley, a farm laborer looking at the wallowing animals before passing on to the cow sheds, in Aldous Huxley’s novel Chrome Yellow. Those who heard his words commented on his wisdom.This raises all sorts of questions about language and how we perceive the world, questions that range from the philosophical to the politically correct (PC) use of language and the question of causing offence- for example, calling someone a pig.Those who believed in being PC tried to adjust language to take into account people’s sensitivities in the areas of race, sexuality and disability, and a theologian has recently written that we should do the same for the animal kingdom. To call them “wild” or “beasts” is, he says, “derogatory and offensive”. I’m all in favor of animal welfare, but, in arguing his case, he says that language is the means by which we understand and conceptualize the world around us.But is it? Isn’t it the other way round? To put it another, very simple, way: do you believe that the language you use has made you think of the world in a certain way, or that you have an idea of the world as it is and your place in it, and you use language to understand and describe it?Is Rowley’s wisdom based on his many years working with farm animals, and what he has seen is just pigs being pigs and there’s nothing more to be said? Or has he decided that the name “pig” suits these creatures because they behave piggishly? If we cleaned them up, taught them table manners and made them wear a tie, would we have to call them something else?

What is the main reason for the writer mentioning Rowley?

1) Because he is a farm laborer.
2) To illustrate his view about the use of language.
3) To support the idea that we should be politically correct when talking about animals.
4) To bring some humor into his text.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #6

These days you can fit hundreds of books into one e-book reader or smartphone, and this has led publishers, writers and readers alike to ask whether this means the death of the printed book and adrastic change in how we read. Or, as some hope and believe, will the electronic book format simply complement traditional book publishing? The fact that a book can be downloaded from almost anywhere in the world has blurred the lines between author, reader, format and distribution, and this has caused some head-scratching at some of the world’s biggest publishing companies. Such companies must adapt, and quickly, to the new market; but many are nervous of the risks and often shareholders are not willing to break new ground.For many writers, however, e-publishing provides new freedoms and opportunities. Many e-books are published by writers who do not have a readership through mainstream publishers, and this allows them to deal with material that mainstream publishers would consider too controversial or otherwise unmarketable.The market is very much driven by the consumer, and publishing companies are going to have to deal with this new situation sooner or later. It is quite a complicated situation, but it doesn’t have to be either/or. The book as we know it has been around for about 500 years and, once things settle down,there is no reason why the e-book and the traditional printed book should not exist happily side by side.

Which of the following statements is true according to the text?

1) E-publishing has created new possibilities for writers.
2) Publishing companies have been unable to adapt to the new market.
3) E-books will radically alter our reading habits.
4) Sales of e-books are likely to overtake sales of traditional books.

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #7

Extended debate concerning the exact point of origin of individual folktales told by Afro-American slaves has unfortunately taken precedence over analysis of the tales’ meaning and function. Cultural continuities with Africa were not dependent on importation and perpetuation of specific folktales in their pristine form. It is in the place that tales occupied in the lives of the slaves and in the meaning slaves derived from them that the clearest resemblances to African tradition can be found. Afro-American slaves did not borrow tales indiscriminately from the Whites among whom they lived. Black people were most influenced by those Euro-American tales whose functional meaning and aesthetic appeal had the greatest similarity to the tales with deep roots in their ancestral homeland. Regardless of where slave tales came from, the essential point is that, with respect to language, delivery, details of characterization, and plot, slaves quickly made them their own.

The author’s main purpose is to __ from one field of study to another

1) create a new field of study
2) discredit an existing field of study
3) change the focus of a field of study
4) transplant scholarly techniques

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #8

Even as the number of females processed through juvenile courts climbs steadily, an implicit consensus remains among scholars in criminal justice that male adolescents define the delinquency problem in the United States. We suggest two reasons why this view persists. First, female adolescents are accused primarily of victimless crimes, such as truancy, that do not involve clear-cut damage to persons or property. If committed by adults, these actions are not even considered prosecutable; if committed by juvenile males, they have traditionally been looked on leniently by the courts. Thus, ironically, the plight of female delinquents receives little scrutiny because they are accused of committing relatively minor offenses. Second, the courts have long justified so-called preventive intervention into the lives of young females viewed as antisocial with the rationale that women are especially vulnerable. Traditional stereotypes of women as the weaker and more dependent sex have with generic cialis led to earlier intervention and longer periods of misdirected supervision for female delinquents than for males.

The passage suggests that scholars in criminal justice could be criticized for which of the following?

1) Underestimating the seriousness of juvenile crime
2) Rationalizing the distinction made between juveniles and adults in the legal system
3) Concerning themselves too little with the prevention of juvenile delinquency
4) Focusing on those whose crimes have involved damage to persons or property

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #9

Although scientists observe that an organism’s behavior falls into rhythmic patterns, they disagree about how these patterns are affected when the organism is transported to a new environment. One experimenter, Brown, brought oysters from Connecticut waters to Illinois waters. She noted that the oysters initially opened their shells widest when it was high tide in Connecticut, but that after fourteen days their rhythms had adapted to the tide schedule in Illinois. Although she could not posit an unequivocal causal relationship between behavior and environmental change, Brown concluded that a change in tide schedule is one of several possible exogenous influences (those outside the organism) on the oysters’ rhythms. Another experimenter, Hamner, however, discovered that hamsters from California maintain their original rhythms even at the South Pole. He concluded that endogenous influences (those inside the organism) seem to affect an organism’s rhythmic behavior.

All of the following could be considered examples of exogenous influences on an organism EXCEPT the influence of the __ shedding of its fur

1) level of a hormone on a field mouse’s readiness for mating
2) temperature of a region on a bear’s hibernation
3) salt level of a river on a fish’s migration
4) humidity of an area on a cat’s

Multiple-Choice, Choose Single Answer Text #10

Although scientists observe that an organism’s behavior falls into rhythmic patterns, they disagree about how these patterns are affected when the organism is transported to a new environment. One experimenter, Brown, brought oysters from Connecticut waters to Illinois waters. She noted that the oysters initially opened their shells widest when it was high tide in Connecticut, but that after fourteen days their rhythms had adapted to the tide schedule in Illinois. Although she could not posit an unequivocal causal relationship between behavior and environmental change, Brown concluded that a change in tide schedule is one of several possible exogenous influences (those outside the organism) on the oysters’ rhythms. Another experimenter, Hamner, however, discovered that hamsters from California maintain their original rhythms even at the South Pole. He concluded that endogenous influences (those inside the organism) seem to affect an organism’s rhythmic behavior.

All of the following could be considered examples of exogenous influences on an organism EXCEPT the influence of the __ shedding of its fur

1) defend a controversial interpretation of two novels
2) explain the source of widely recognized responses to two novels
3) delineate broad differences between two novels
4) compare and contrast two novels

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