Write about the following topic in 200-300 words:
In underdeveloped countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be said the opposite as well. Discuss your opinion with the relevant example.
Complete the task in 20 minutes.
Amidst the turmoil in the global economy, tourism sector plays major indices of foreign exchange and prosperity. While some believe that tourism impacts local population and biodiversity negatively, I believe that it has positive effects as well. This essay will further present my opinion.
Many of the underdeveloped countries economies thrive heavy on rain-fed agriculture and the tourism sector. The creation of direct and indirect employment in tourism enterprises gives employment to local population thereby focuses on poverty reduction. So the economic stability of many underdeveloped and developing countriesdepend upon the growth of this sector.
For example, Kenya’s tourism sector is its principal source of foreign exchange. According to Wikipedia, Kenya’s services sector, which contributes about 63 percent of GDP, is dominated by tourism. The tourists, mainly from Germany and the United Kingdom visit the country to rejoice coastal beaches and the game reserves. Like Kenya, development in the tourism sector has a great impact on the economy of underdeveloped countries.
On the other hand, tourism has disadvantage on the rich cultural heritage and abundant biodiversity of the host country. The heavy use of cigarettes, cigars, and plastics leads to environmental hazards. The interaction between tourists and local communities export adverse effect of western culture. However, there is no denying that the tourism provides opportunity to prosperity and great promise to the economic potential of the underdeveloped countries both in the short term and the long term.