PTE Academic Writing Part 2 – Summarize Written Text – Practice Questions: Here we have compiled some practice questions for the individuals preparing for PTE exam. To score well in your actual PTE exam, follow our useful tips:

  • Write down the main or central idea of the paragraph and combined it with other supporting details.
  • The students are required to use correct conjunctions and structures to combine the ideas.
  • Don’t make your sentence too complex or lengthy, otherwise, you will loose your score.
  • Identify key ideas or points.
  • Don’t try to include every single detail.
  • Keep grammatical errors at bay.
  • Practice more with sample questions and mock tests as the more you practice, the sooner you will get into the habit of identifying central idea of the texts.

Also Practice: Summarize Written Text Practice Part 1

PTE Academic Writing: Summarize Written Text Practice Part 2

Read the passage below and write a summary in 5-75 words. One has been done for your reference. Write your response in the box at the bottom of the page. You have 10 minutes to complete the task. Your summary must be written in ONLY ONE sentence.

PASSAGE 1:

But we must not expect too much. After all, the race of men has only just started. From the point of view of evolution, human beings are very young children indeed, babies, in fact, of a few months old. Scientists reckon that there has been life of some sort on the earth in the form of jellyfish and that kind of creature for about twelve hundred million years; but there have been men for only one million years, and there have been civilized men for about eight thousand years at the outside. These figures are difficult to grasp; so let us scale them down. Suppose that we reckon the whole past of living creatures on the earth as one hundred years; then the whole past of man works out at about one month, and during that month there have been civilizations for between seven and eight hours. So you see there has been little time to learn in, but there will be oceans of time in which to learn better. Taking man’s civilized past at about seven or eight hours, we may estimate his future, that is to say, the whole period between now and when the sun grows too cold to maintain life any longer on the earth, at about one hundred thousand years. Thus mankind is only at the beginning of its civilized life, and as I say, we must not expect too much. The past of man has been on the whole a pretty beastly business, a business of fighting and bullying and gorging and grabbing and hurting. We must not expect even civilized peoples not to have done these things. All we can ask is that they will sometimes have done something else.

[expand title=”SAMPLE SUMMARY”]Mankind is only at the beginning of civilized life and the past of man suggest not to expect a great deal of civilization at this stage.[/expand]

PASSAGE 2:

Most of the people who appear most often and most gloriously in the history books are great conquerors and generals and soldiers, whereas the people who really helped civilization forward are often never mentioned at all. We do not know who first set a broken leg, or launched a seaworthy boat, or calculated the length of the year, or manured a field; but we know all about the killers and destroyers. People think a great deal of them, so much so that on all the highest pillars in the great cities of the world you will find the figure of a conqueror or a general or a soldier. And I think most people believe that the greatest countries are those that have beaten in battle the greatest number of other countries and ruled over them as conquerors. It is just possible they are, but they are not the most civilized. Animals fight; so do savages; hence to be good at fighting is to be good in the way in which an animal or a savage is good, but it is not to be civilized. Even being good at getting other people to fight for you and telling them how to do it most efficiently – this, after all, is what conquerors and generals have done – is not being civilized. People fight to settle quarrels. Fighting means killing, and civilized peoples ought to be able to find some way of settling their disputes other than by seeing which side can kill off the greater number of the other side, and then saying that that side which has killed most has won. And not only has won, but, because it has won, has been in the right. For that is what going to war means; it means saying that might is right.

That is what the story of mankind has on the whole been like. Even our own age has fought the two greatest wars in history, in which millions of people were killed or mutilated. And while today it is true that people do not fight and kill each other in the streets – while, that is to say, we have got to the stage of keeping the rules and behaving properly to each other in daily life – nations and countries have not learnt to do this yet, and still behave like savages.

[expand title=”SAMPLE SUMMARY”]People generally remember conquerors, generals and soldiers but they did not help taking civilization forward.[/expand]

PASSAGE 3:

The economy of Australia is one of the largest mixed market economies in the world, with a GDP of AUD$1.62 trillion as of 2015. Australia’s total wealth is AUD$6.4 trillion in 2013. In 2012, it was the 12th largest national economy by nominal GDP and the 19th-largest measured by PPP-adjusted GDP, about 1.7% of the world economy. Australia is the 19th-largest importer and 19th-largest exporter. The Reserve Bank of Australia publishes quarterly forecasts of the economy.

The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, comprising 68% of GDP. The mining sector represents 7% of GDP; including services to mining, the total value of the mining industry in 2009-10 was 8.4% of GDP. Economic growth is largely dependent on the mining sector and agricultural sector (12% of GDP) with the products to be exported mainly to the East Asian market. Despite the recent decline of the mining boom in the country, the Australian economy has remained resilient and stable.

PASSAGE 4:

Black holes come in many sizes, of which we choose to break down into three main types. These three flavours of black hole are determined by their method of formation and by extension, their initial size. The largest of these exotic objects are known as supermassive black holes, which are thought to be found at the centre of all galaxies. Although scientists aren’t completely sure of how they come to be, they believe that supermassive black holes are made as a part of galaxy formation. Stellar black holes, on the other hand, are made when a massive star dies. These stars must have a mass greater than around 20 solar masses in order that a black hole forms. Finally, there is the miniature black hole – these are theorised to have formed during rapid expansion after the Big Bang, are infinitesimally tiny and are thought to have a mass a little less than that of the Sun.

PASSAGE 5:

In response to concerns about the level of risk being taken on by banks and households, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) announced measures in December 2014 to reinforce sound housing lending practices (APRA, 2014). These measures focus on:
● the extent of higher-risk mortgage lending – for example, high loan-to-income loans, high loan-to-valuation (LVR) loans, interest-only loans to owner occupiers, and loans with very long terms
● the pace of growth in investor housing lending – in particular portfolio growth materially above a threshold of 10 %
● interest rate buffers and floors used in loan serviceability assessments – in APRA’s view, these should incorporate an interest rate buffer of at least 2 % above the loan product rate, and a floor lending rate of at least 7 %, when assessing borrowers’ ability to service their loans. These measures, coupled with increased mortgage risk weights for Internal Rating Based (IRB) banks (i.e used by major banks), have seen investor credit growth slow and an improvement in the quality of credit being extended in the mortgage market.

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Published by Nizmy

Online PTE (Academic)/IELTS/TOEFL Trainer: After working for 3 years as an ESOL trainer, I work as a freelancer now. I can provide private PTE tuitions online. Contact me for a free trial, mock tests, and practice material.

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2 Comments

  1. Author kindly review and comment-

    passage 3-

    Australia has one of the largest mixed market economies dominated by its service sector with mining sector representing 7% of GDP while agricultural sector comprising 12% of GDP showing stability and resiliency

    passage 4-
    Black holes break down into three main types which are supermassive, stellar and miniature and are determined by their method of formation , by extension and initial size.

    passage 5-
    According to APRA announcement in December 2014 the measures to reinforce sound housing lending practices include : the extent of higher-risk mortgage lending, the pace of growth in investor housing lending and interest buffers and floors used in loan serviceability assessments

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