PTE Academic Reorder Paragraphs Practice Part 4 With Explanation

The following sentences labeled with alphabets when arranged in a logical sequence form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most appropriate sequence.

Also Practice: Reorder Paragraphs Practice Part 1

                            Reorder Paragraphs Practice Part 2

                           Reorder Paragraphs Practice Part 3


[1]. The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

A. The wisdom he attributes to the philosopher in the Republic is possessed by no one knows- and arguably for good reason.
B. Its implausibility as an actual project owes less to the unlikelihood that one can indoctrinate a class of Auxiliaries and deny them property and family ties than to the requirement that wisdom rule.
C. Plato’s Socrates never claims that he is himself wise-only that he has encountered no one wiser than himself.
D. Plato’s Republic is not a blueprint for utopia.
E. It exploits the political idealism of the young, represented by Plato’s brothers, for the sake of an exploration of the limits of politics, the nature of the human soul, and the superiority of philosophical life.

[expand title=”ANSWER & EXPLANATION“]DEBCA is the right sequence. Sentence D gives the required information to start the paragraph of ‘Plato’s Republic’. ‘It’ in the sentence E refers to the entity already mentioned in previous sentence i.e D so logically E should follow D. ‘Its’ in B  carries forward the idea expressed in E so B fills the 3rd text box. ‘He’ in sentence A points to ‘Plato’s Socrates’ which has been covered in phrase C so CA forms a logical pair and should be placed after DEB.[/expand]

[2]. The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

A. Put simply, the ancient Greek city (polis) was configured as a kosmos before the philosophers adopted the pertinent term and used it to assert that the natural world is likewise, an intelligible and ordered whole.
B. To begin with, there is the question of philosophy’s origins within the first self-governing civic politics known to man.
C. The annually elected magistrates of the city of Crete that appears to have pioneered constitutional forms were called kosmoi.
D. It is revealing that the kosmos and its cognates were used in the political realm well before they were appropriated by the philosophers.
E. The army described in the Catalogue of Ships in the second book of Homer’s Iliad, was arranged in its appropriate ranks by a kosmetor.

[expand title=”ANSWER & EXPLANATION“]The correct sequence of the sentences in the above passage is B-D-E-C-A. “To begin with” in sentence B makes its the opening sentence of the paragraph. Sentence D should follow sentence B as “it” in text B implies “self-governing civic politics”. For the time being, let’s focus on the logical structure of rest of the sentences than looking for next logical sentence. Sentence E talks about “a kosmetor” and sentence C gives a detailed view of “kosmoi” so logically sentence C should follow sentence E. “Put simply” in sentence A concludes the paragraph so is obviously the closing sentence. Put everything together, the logical structure of above para jumble is B-D-E-C-A.[/expand]

[3]. The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

A. Another hundred thousand were common soldiers and vagrants.
B. His study of population shows that there were five million Englishmen alive at that time. Of these more than one million were paupers and beggars.
C. Some people, mainly the nobility and great land-owners, were very wealthy; they had incomes of as much as 3000 pounds a year.
D. But the income of the average Englishman was probably less than ten pounds a year.
E. Gregory King’s statistical study of England made in 1688 deals with two main subjects, population and income.

[expand title=”ANSWER & EXPLANATION“]The correct sequence of the sentences in the above passage is E-B-A-C-D. E is the opening sentence of the passage which describes “Gregory King’s statistical study”. “His” in sentence B implies “Gregory King’s” so is the next logical sentence after opening text. “Another” in sentence A carries the idea implies by “Of these” in sentence B. Sentence C fills the 4th text box as “but” in the sentence D signals exception of the previous sentence and here its sentence C. Consecutively, D fills the 5th text box.[/expand]

[4]. The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

A. Human civilizations have been around for a paltry 12,000 years—barely a few seconds on the geological clock.
B. The rapid increase of human population has left us battling with other species for limited resources.
C. And the unmitigated burning of fossil fuels has now created a blanket of carbon dioxide around the world.
D. In that short amount of time, we have managed to create quite a ruckus, etching our dominance over Nature with our villages, towns, cities, and megacities.

[expand title=”ANSWER & EXPLANATION“]A-D-B-C is the right sequence. Sentence A gives required title information about “Human civilizations” to start off the paragraph so A fills 1st text box. D follows A as “In that short amount of time” points to “12,000 years” in sentence A. Text in C carries forward the discussion started in text box B with “And” so we left with no other option but to fill the 3rd text box with sentence B. And sentence C follows B.[/expand]

[5]. The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

A. Once it was installed, however, I realised that the new chair’s enormous flowers, so playful in the furniture store, overwhelmed the muted stripes of our downstairs wallpaper.
B. “It’s a little loud. isn’t it?” my husband asked cautiously.
C. While I was expecting our fifth child. I chose a chair at a discount furniture store to replace a dog-cared, stuffing-spitting relic.
D. In fact, the sight of the chair in the living room made my teeth hurt.
E. “It’s shouting,” I agreed glumly.

[expand title=”ANSWER & EXPLANATION“]The logical arrangement of the above para-jumble is C-A-B-E-D. “While” in sentence C is used to describe a period in time hence is the opening sentence. “It” and “the” in sentence A has been used along with “new chair” because it has already been introduced to the reader in another sentence i.e in sentence C so A marks next logical statement. After the installation of the chair, a possible reaction in terms of a question follows, this makes sentence B to fill 3rd text box. “I agreed” in sentence E points the answer to the question asked in text B. “In fact” in sentence D concludes the paragraph so is the closing statement.[/expand]

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