PTE Academic Listening: Re-tell Lecture Practice Part 1

pte-academic-listening-re-tell-lecture-practice-questions

To ace PTE Academic ‘re-tell lecture’ section in listening module, practice and more practice is the key. Understand the theme and jotted down the key keywords from the lecture. Here are some practice questions on Re-tell Lecture.

Tips For Re-tell Lecture:

  • Note down the keywords in a systematic manner
  • Fluency is most important
  • Don’t remain silent for more than 2 seconds, say something in the context of lecture.
  • 2-3 sentences are enough to re-tell the lecture.

PTE Academic Listening: Re-tell Lecture Practice Questions

You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, in 10 seconds, please speak into the microphone and retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.

ITEM 1:

TRANSCRIPT

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a not-for-profit organization that is independent from states and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers.

The number of NGOs worldwide is estimated to be 3.7 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs. India is estimated to have had around 2 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 600 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India.

NGOs are difficult to define, and the term ‘NGO’ is not always used consistently. In some countries the term NGO is applied to an organization that in another country would be called an NPO (nonprofit organization), and vice versa. There are many different classifications of NGO in use. The most common focus is on “orientation” and “level of operation”. An NGO’s orientation refers to the type of activities it takes on.

EXPLANATION

In this lecture, the speaker talks about the non-governmental organization. The speaker mentions that NGO is independent of states and international governmental organizations and are usually funded by donations. Moreover, he indicates that the number of NGOs worldwide is 3.7 million and India has around 2 million in 2009. Lastly, he suggests that it is hard to define. In general, this lecture is about the non-governmental organization.

ITEM 2:

TRANSCRIPT

Question: Did you set that fire that night?
Answer: I wasn’t even in the area that night.
Question: Did you have a gun on you when you walked into that store?
Answer: I have nothing to do with guns.
Question: Have you ever been inside that girl’s apartment?
Answer: There’s no reason for me to have been inside her apartment.
Question: Did you steal any of the missing money from the safe?
Answer: I didn’t even know there was any money in the safe. It’s not my job to go into the safe.
Question: Did you leave the store that night with any of that money in your possession?
Answer: I didn’t even know any money was missing until I came into work the next morning.

ITEM 3:

TRANSCRIPT

Antares, acronym for “Astronomy with a Neutrino telescope and Abyss environmental Research”, is a complex neutrino detector that is being built 50 km from the French coast, about 2400 m below sea level. The apparatus consists in a long submarine cable that connects the control room, set at ground level, to a net of 1000 underwater sensors. When it’s complete, in two to three years’ time, the net will spread over a 100.000 sq. m. surface, thus keeping under observation a volume of 35 million cubic meters of water.

The heart of the Antares experiment is the system that allows to “see” neutrinos. Since these particles cannot be directly observed, secondary particles, called muons, which are produced by the interaction between neutrinos and the water closed in by the sensors, are detected instead. Muons move faster than light in water. Thus, due to a physical mechanism called Cerenkov effect, they leave a weak light trail behind them. The objective of Antares is to prove that it is possible to do neutrino astronomy, although in order to do actual research in this field a very much larger submarine apparatus would be necessary.

ITEM 4:

TRANSCRIPT

Population size, growth, and patterns of resource use can have an impact on the levels of all types of pollution, including air, water, and solid pollution. Pollutants are often concentrated in densely populated, urban areas. According to UN projections, by the year 2005 the majority of the world’s population will live in urban areas, where standards of living and consumption patterns often exceed those in rural areas. Labor availability, infrastructure, and transport facilities favoring industrial development can affect the severity of urban atmospheric and water pollution. Even in the absence of population growth, poor environmental policy and management can lead to serious environmental degradation. For example, despite its negative rate of population growth (-0.5 percent), Russia faces significant environmental damage created by the industrial complex of the former Soviet Union.

ITEM 5:

TRANSCRIPT

The human brain has undergone an evolutionary process that began some 500 million years ago in the marine animals that lived submerged in the sand and which led to its first central nervous system building plan. This system has been progressively modified and is shared by all modern vertebrates.

The study of the genetic networks that have given an identity to the different brain regions plays a key role in our understanding of how they have evolved. For this reason, genoarchitecture is a powerful tool for describing the regions of the nervous system, cells and their structures, making it possible to determine which genes are active in each territory or region during development and to characterise the limits between them, as well as to define, with the utmost precision, how many different components originate from each region. It is therefore useful in helping us to recognise, in detail, how the human brain resembles that of another vertebrate.

ITEM 6:

TRANSCRIPT

If teachers would learn to recognize students’ learning styles, they could tailor their teaching strategies to accommodate those in their classes. Although most people in the Western culture are visual, most lectures are geared toward the auditory learner. A good teacher should take note and provide pictures, graphs, and diagrams to enhance the lecture. Also, although some people actively process information well in groups, reflective learners need time to ponder new material. Instructors should provide collaborative opportunities from time to time and also recognize that some students need guidance and encouragement when working in groups.

ITEM 7:

TRANSCRIPT

College couples have been the subjects of much research, and one thing is clear: the major reason for relationship breakups is boredom. The timing of the breakup also seems consistent with most findings. Couples tend to dissolve relationships during vacations and holidays. Who initiates the breakup is also interesting. Often it is the woman, who tends to notice first when the man is less attentive. But if the woman breaks up first, there is usually no “Can we still be friends?” situations because the man strongly feels the rejection. However, if the man initiates the breakup, there is a better chance the two will still stay in touch.

ITEM 8:

TRANSCRIPT

One of the creators of Cranium, Richard Tait, a former Microsoft executive, said he wanted to invent a game that allowed people to leave the board feeling good. He wanted a game that involved chance as well as skill, one in which people could have fun together and not feel so competitive. One of today’s hottest-selling games, Cranium can be played by four people or several teams. While some moves on the game board may require that a team member know the name of the largest mammal on earth (the blue whale), other moves may ask participants to hum songs, pantomime people, or spell words backward. At the end, though, all the teams feel good because they have had so much fun.

ITEM 9:

TRANSCRIPT

Because researchers studying circadian rhythms have discovered that most teenagers are really nocturnal, school administrators should take this into account when organizing a school day. For example, traditionally teenagers must arise in the predawn hours and arrive at school before sunrise. Groggy and unfocused, they find it difficult to concentrate and be alert before lunch. After lunch, which for many students in overcrowded high schools begins at 10:30 a.m., they are finally able to pay attention. Armed with this information, the school board should be innovative and rearrange the schedule, which would curb truancy in grades 8 through 12.

ITEM 10:

TRANSCRIPT

Tobacco companies should be forced to pay lucrative settlements to anyone who has become addicted or adversely affected by the use of their products. Anyone who has a loved one who has succumbed to the temptation to use cigarettes can attest to the way the product can swallow souls as well as consumers’ wallets. The clinical evidence of the devastation created by secondhand smoke is compelling enough for legislators to consider legal action against the powerful corporations. Unfortunately, tobacco companies have traditionally provided strong financial support for many political candidates. Write your congressional representative and express your outrage!

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