pte-listening-multi-choice-choose-single-answer-practice02

PTE Academic Listening: Multiple Choice Choose Single Answer Part 2

All the practice questions in this post concern PTE Academic Listening: Multiple Choice Choose Single Answer. Many students find this section difficult to crack so what is the best way to approach this type of questions?

Quickly skim through the question (not at the answer choices) and then read the passage. Read phrase by phrase and group words into related phrases. Follow your comfortable speed to read the paragraph or passage. In most questions, all the answer choice will be equally logical so the students need to eliminate the given choices one by one after carefully reading the passage. If you do not know the correct answer then don’t start guessing blindly. More and more practice is the key to ace listening section of PTE exam.

Practice More: Multiple Choice Choose Single Answer Part 1

Multiple Choice Choose Single Answer Practice Questions & Explanation:

Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

ITEM 1:

What is the lecture mainly about?

(A) The employee outlook towards work is justified.
(B) The employee must change their outlook towards work.
(C) The employees would never change their work culture.
(D) The employer-employee relationship is far from healthy.

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What needs to be set right is our approach to work. It is a common sight in our country of employees reporting for duty on time and at the same time doing little work. If an assessment is made of time they spent in gossiping, drinking tea, eating “pan” and smoking cigarettes, it will be shocking to know that the time devoted to actual work is negligible. The problem is the standard which the leadership in administration sets for the staff. Forgot the ministers because they mix politics and administration. What do top bureaucrats do? What do the below down officials do? The administration set up remains week mainly because the employees do not have the right example to follow and they are more concerned about being in the good books of the bosses than doing work.

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Option (B) The employee must change their outlook towards work: is the correct answer choice.

The words “to be set right”, “shocking”, “the problem” and “do not have the right example to follow” clearly indicates that the author is not happy with the approach to work so option A is incorrect. According to the passage, the employees will change their work culture if they have the right example to follow so option C is a wrong choice. Option D deals with the employer-employee relationship which has not been discussed in the passage. Option B is the correct choice as the lecture mainly concerns with the employee’s approach to work and change their outlook towards work.

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ITEM 2:

What is the lecture mainly about?

(A) Birds that live in colonies.
(B) Birds’mating habits.
(C) The behavior of birds.
(D) Territoriality in birds.

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Like mammals, birds claim their own territories. A bird’s territory may be small or large. Some birds claim only their nest and the area right around it, while others claim far larger territories that include their feeding areas. Gulls, penguins, and other waterfowl nest in huge colonies, but even in the biggest colonies, each male and his mate have small territories of their own immediately around their nests. Male birds defend their territory chiefly against other males of the same species. In some cases, a warning call or threatening pose may be all the defense needed, but in other cases, intruders may refuse to leave peacefully.

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Option (D) Territoriality in birds: is the correct answer choice.

Option (A) deals with particular types of birds that live in colonies but the passage concerns all birds. Option (B) deals with the concept of mating which is out of the context of the passage. Option (C) is too general. Option (D) is the best choice because the passage mainly concerns the territories of birds.

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ITEM 3:

What is the main idea that the speaker is trying to convey through passage?

(A) The use of unusual and ambiguous words brings us, friends.
(B) Careless use of words creates misunderstanding.
(C) Careful use of words benefits us.
(D) Speech may reflect our attitudes.

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Speech is a great blessing. It can also a great curse for while it helps us to make our intentions and desires known to fellow beings it can also make us utterly misunderstood if used carelessly. A slip of tongue, the unusual word or of an ambiguous word may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Different classes of people use different vocabularies and the ordinary speech of an educated man may strike an uneducated listener as showing pride, unwillingly we may choose to use a word which has a different meaning for our listeners from what it means to those of our class. Thus speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought but one which demands careful handling. Only a fool will express himself alike to all.

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Option (B) Careless use of words creates misunderstanding: is the correct choice.

Option A is incorrect as the 3rd line of the passage clearly states that use of such words may create an enemy and not friends. Choice (C) is too general; there are many other benefits of carefully using the words that this passage does not examine. Option D is a wrong choice as the passage nowhere described the topic. Option B is the best choice; because all the aspects of the passage deal with misunderstanding due to careless use of words.

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ITEM 4:

What is the main idea that the speaker is trying to convey through passage?

(A) Reality TV is fun to watch.
(B) Reality TV is not as real as TV producers would like you to think.
(C) TV is a waste of time.
(D) A lot of people have become famous from reality TV.

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When one hears the term “reality” applied to a television show, one might expect that the events portrayed occurred naturally or, at the least, were not scripted, but this is not always the case. Many reality shows occur in unreal environments, like rented mansions occupied by film crews. Such living environments do not reflect what most people understand to be “reality.” Worse, there have been accusations that events not captured on film were later restaged by producers. Worse still, some involved in the production of “reality” television claim that the participants were urged to act out storylines premeditated by producers. With such accusations floating around, it’s no wonder many people take reality TV to be about as real as the sitcom.

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[expand title=”ANSWER KEY & EXPLANATION:”]

Option (B) Reality TV is not as real as TV producers would like you to think: is the correct answer choice.

This passage is about how reality television isn’t always “real” and the best option that aptly presents the main idea is option B. Option A, C and D are either too general to say or out of the context of this passage.

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ITEM 5:

What is the lecture mainly about?

(A) The most important factor for the survival of a species is its ability to compete and adapt to gradual changes in its environment.
(B) The ability of a species to compete and adapt to a gradually changing environment is not the only ability that is essential for survival.
(C) Since most extinctions of species are due to major meteorite impacts, the ability to survive such impacts is the most important factor for the survival of a species.
(D) The factors that are most important for the survival of a species vary significantly from one species to another.

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Impacts by meteorites represent one mechanism that could cause global catastrophes and seriously influence the evolution of life all over the planet. According to some estimates, the majority of all extinctions of species may be due to such impacts. Such a perspective fundamentally changes our view of biological evolution. The standard criterion for the survival of a species is its success in competing with other species and adapting too slowly changing environments. Yet an equally important criterion is the ability of a species to survive random global ecological catastrophes due to impacts.

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[expand title=”ANSWER KEY & EXPLANATION:”]

Option (B) The ability of a species to compete and adapt to a gradually changing environment is not the only ability that is essential for survival: is the correct answer choice.

The passage covers some aspects for the survival of a species and they are not the only criterion. Option B is the only choice that covers this aspect.

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